Anwar El Sadat (25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981)
Sadat was the third president of Egypt. He served from 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. On 1952, Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution.
Later Sadat was a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, whom he replaced as President in 1970.
Sadat changed Egypt’s course from tenets of Nasserism. He purged the government and re-instituting a multi-party political system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. Sadat led Egypt in the October War of 1973 to liberate Egypt’s Sinai which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and to the outer Arab World.